Empire of Austria

Kaisertum Österreich

Flag of Austria-Hungary 1952-present
Wappen Kaisertum Österreich 1867 (Mittel)
Flag Coat of arms

Die Kaiserhymnen (German)

The Emperor's Hymn

Austria Map

Location of Austria (dark green)


(and largest city)


48°12′N 16°21′E / 48.2°N 16.35°E / 48.2; 16.35

Official language(s) English and German (used in government documents)
Recognised regional languages German, Hungarian, Czech, Ukrainian, Romanina, Slovene, Serbo-Croatian and Italian
Ethnic groups 91.1% Austrians, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)[2]
Demonym Austrian
Government Federal Parliamentary republic
- President Heinz Fischer
- Chancellor Werner Faymann (SPÖ)
- President of the National Council Barbara Prammer (SPÖ)
- Austrian State Treaty in force July 27, 1955 (Duchy: 1156, Austrian Empire: 1804, First Austrian Republic: 1918–1938, Second Republic since 1945)
EU accession January 1, 1995
- Total 83,872 km2 (115th)32,383 sq mi
- Water (%) 1.7
- 2009 estimate 8,356,707[3] (92nd)
- 2001 census 8,032,926
- Density 99/km2 (99th)257/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
- Total $322.506 billion[4]
- Per capita $38,839[4]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
- Total $381.880 billion[4]
- Per capita $45,989[4]
Gini (2000) 29.1 (low)
HDI (2007) ▲ 0.955[5] (very high) (14th)
Currency Euro () ² (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
- Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .at ³
Calling code 43
1 Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian are officially recognised regional languages and Austrian Sign Language is a protected minority language throughout the country.
2 Euro since 1 Jan 1999 virtual, since 1 Jan 2002 real currency; before: Austrian Schilling.
3 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Austria (German: Österreich), officially the Empire of Austria (German: Kaisertum Österreich), is a large country of roughly 86 million people in Central and Eastern Europe. It borders Germany and Poland to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Italy, Albania, Serbia and Bulgaria to the south and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. No majority language exists, but German, Hungarian and Czech dominate. Other local languages are Polish, Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, Romanian, Ukrainian and Italian. All government documents are issued in bothEnglish and German. The official language is English and has been so since 1952 when it was promulgated as such to allieviate ethnic tensions arising from language differences.

Austria is a parliamentary monarchy; it is ruled by an Emperor. It is the world's only remaining functioning Empire. The country has a highly developed economy, with one of the highest Gross Domestic Product per capita in the world as per the IMF and the World Bank. The capital-and with a population exceeding 3.8 million, Austria's largest city-is Vienna and is the seat of many international organizations including the United Nations and OPEC. Austria is one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,570. The country has developed a high standard of living and in 2008 was ranked 14th in the world for its Human Development Index. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995 and is a founder of the OECD. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995 but did not adopt the European currency, the euro. Instead, Austria has maintained its historic currency, the krone

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